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This address was delivered by Joshua Nkomo, President of ZAPU, to the people of Zimbabwe at the White City Stadium in Bulawayo on 4 April 1982. This document was digitised by Specialized Archival Solutions in 2012. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is the front cover of the exercise book containing the hand-written registration of ZPRA freedom fighters who died during the liberation struggle in Zimbabwe (register for 1998-2000). This 'Fallen Heroes' project was conducted by the Mafela Trust. Registered in this exercise book are the deaths of Mbekeki Makurane, Martin Dube, Maria Sibanda, Charity Moyo, Tsepiso Ndebele, Utloanang Ndlovu, Nyoni Neftal, Thompson Dale, Ferguson Moyo, Umponi Moyo, Martin Dube, Madumeja Jeria, Timothy Sibanda, Othaniel Ncube, Paul Tlou, Siphiwe Ndlovu, Fungai Ndlovu, Maxwell Mlauzi, Mbanda Ncube, Nkosana Moyo, Sibukani Sibanda, Chamu Sibanda, Prince Ncube, Efeli Ncube, Eggton Ndlovu, Johnson Mlilo, Poli Ncube, John Moyo, Zebu Ncube, Thompson Gwate, Oska Mdlongwa, Brown Siziba, Sikhousiwe Mkwananzi, John Sibanda, Ishmael Nare, Peter Ncube, Mathambo Nyathi, Thompson Dube, Jane Mdlongwa, Lwambo Siziba, Tumisang Tlou, Ndabezinhle Nkomo, Wilson Nyathi, Tsepo Ngwenya, Prosper Nyathi, Lot Mlilo, Kenneth Kwangwari, Charles Nkomo, Josias Ncube, Meckson Sibanda, Soprel Moyo, Dennis Ncube, Donald Moyo, Ngozi Siziba, Avah Sicebenga Moyo, Consert Absalom Ngwenya, Kathy Moyo, Adi Ndlovu, John Mpofu, Thomas Mathe, Madojwa Ngwenya, Nomuhle Nleya, Abraham Ndlovu, Shadreck Ndlovu, Lukha Siziba, Khaya Tshuma, Motshe Mpofu, Eddy Mpofu, Dora Dube, Mensi Sebele, Emely Mbedzi, Moses Phiri, Mtshiyeni Nkomo, Martin Vundla, Ey Dube, Daniel Tshuma, Donatus moyo, Belmont Dube, Presten Tshuma, Joshua Dube, Emeck Dube, Manuell Ncube, Senzeni Ndlovu, Melita Nkomo, Dolina Nkomo, Albert Nkomo, Elijah Nkomo, Nompumelelo Ngwenya, Binganani Khuphe, Lidia Nyathi, Lerato Nyathi, Kineilwe Silaigwani, Amon Ncube, Vinas Nyathi, Manangu Phathisa Tshuma, Thula Tshuma, Peter Mlilo, Ngoni Solomon Sibanda, Irine Sebele, Sinyeho Sithole, Fious Ncube, Christopher Zelembu, Denis Sibanda, Magiyane Mlalazi, Brother Ngwenya, Adam Ndlovu, Modester Ncube, Margret Nkobi Ndlovu, Ayi Dube, Clever Sibanda, Vele Sibanda, Teacouse Tea, Denis Sibanda, Milton Nkomazana, Stokisi Ndlovu, Crap Tshuma, Sibonginkosi Mangena, Isaac Ngwenya, Dancan Moyo, Frank Moyo, Emas Moyo, Khala Mguni, Malakia Moyo, Conelias Ngwenya; MS (65pp including front cover). This document was digitised by Specialized Archival Solutions in 2012. Front cover included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is the first page of the exercise book containing the hand-written registration of ZPRA freedom fighters who died during the liberation struggle in Zimbabwe (register for 1998-2000). This 'Fallen Heroes' project was conducted by the Mafela Trust. Registered on 28 September 1998 on this page of the exercise book are the deaths of Mbekeki Makurane and Martin Dube. This document was digitised by Specialized Archival Solutions in 2012. First page included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This listing of the cadres who were killed during the liberation war in Zimbabwe was compiled by Mafela Trust as part of its 'Fallen Heroes' project and contains the names and surnames, cause of death, place and year of death and the status of the person. This document was digitised by Specialized Archival Solutions in 2012. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This one page medical report on the disabilities sustained by freedom fighters during the liberation war in Zimbabwe was written by Dr. Dube, date unknown. This document was digitised by Specialized Archival Solutions in 2012. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

Published in Britain, this 'Report of the Constitutional Conference' was persented to parliament by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs by command of Her Majesty in January 1980. The Constitutional Conference was held at Lancaster House, London from September to December 1979. An Agreement (also known as the Lancaster House Agreement), signed on 21 December 1979 brought independence to Rhodesia. The parties represented during the conference were the British Government, the Patriotic Front led by Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo, ZAPU (Zimbabwe African People's Union) and ZANU (Zimbabwe African National Union) and the Zimbabwe Rhodesia government, represented by Bishop Abel Muzorewa and Ian Smith. In the course of its proceedings the Conference reached agreement on the following issues: Summary of the Independence Constitution (attached as Annex C to this report); Arrangements for the pre-independence period (Annex D); A cease-fire agreement signed by the parties (Annex E). This document was digitised by Specialized Archival Solutions in 2012. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012. Two newspaper cartoons were found between pp38-39 of the booklet - "Zimbabwe - hands off [Blair-UK]", September 23, 2002; "Please, please do something. No ways", by Musapenda, October 15, 2002.

This Report of the Mafela Trust on research about the fallen fighters who died during the liberation struggle, was compiled by the Mafela Trust research officer M.K. Ndlovu and signed on 22 December 1996. Contains hand-written corrections (fragile condition). This document was digitised by Specialized Archival Solutions in 2012. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Abraham Nkiwane, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 24 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In his interview Abraham Nkiwane refers to his recruitment by Joshua Nkomo in 1962 to bring weapons from Tanzania. He also discusses relations with ZANU and the formation of the Patriotic Front, as well as the alliance with other liberation movements and how they assisted each other. He expresses considerable bitterness against the British for their championing of ZANU. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Amos Ngwenya, ZAPU administrator from 1963 to 1980, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 22 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In his interview he tells of his joining the struggle in 1957, and describes the decision for armed struggle taken in January 1963 when he was sent to Lusaka to run office. Other topics covered in this interview are the formation of branches in Zambia, recruitment of cadres, 1970 split and 1971 mutiny, formation of Revolutionary Council, leadership changes in 70’s, overseas representation. He also shares his personal memories of Nkomo, Mangena, Dabengwa and gives a description of his introduction to politics in South Africa through ANC in early 50’s. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Benjamin Dube, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 14 October 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. As a medical doctor, Benjamin Dube focuses his interview on health and outlines the health programme in both refugee and military camps on personnel, facilities, hygiene, types of diseases, treatments, injuries in battle and from air attacks. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Callistus Ndlovu, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 6 July 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. As ZAPU representative in North America, Callistus Ndlovu focuses his interview on international support and discusses the countries and international organisations which supported ZAPU and the types of support received from them. He describes his role at the time of the FROLIZI split and gives interesting comments on support from Iraq and Libya, and the composition and role of the Revolutionary Council. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Caroline Mhlanga, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 4 December 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Caroline Mhlanga was a colleague of Zenzo Nkobi in ZAPU, and later became an employee. She discusses Nkobi's role as ZAPU photographer, his mentoring of other photographers and her work with Zenzo during post-Independence. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Cetshwayo Sithole, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 17 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. An instructor at Nampundwe Camp, Cetshwayo Sithole discusses life in Nampundwe - how it sorted people into their different roles, and the living conditions. He gives an interesting brief account of the clash with ZANLA at Mgagao, Nkomo’s visits to the recruits and his talks with them, political orientation of cadres, and Rhodesian attack on Nampundwe Camp. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Charles Madonko, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 3 July 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In his interview on ZAPU membership in Zambia, Charles Madonko describes his role as a ZAPU member in 1960’s recruiting and raising funds on the Copperbelt, and as a student in Hungary and Lusaka. He also mentions his role as a farmer growing food for camps and assisting in caching weapons and identifying the location of Mkushi Camp. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Christopher Moyo, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 16 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. A ZPRA cadre, Christopher Moyo in his interview on attacks in Zambia gives a lengthy description of departure from Rhodesia through Gwanda district to Botswana. He gives a detailed description of the attack on Freedom Camp 1978, and mentions the subsequent training in Angola and deployment within Zimbabwe in 1979. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Canadian NGO representative David Beer, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 12 August 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. David Beer describes the material support given by Canadians to projects in the refugee camps, as well as raising awareness and support among the Canadian public and government. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Dumiso Dabengwa, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 7 July 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In this interview on post-independence politics, Dumiso Dabengwa gives a brief statement of his background and then immediately refers to events from the implementation of the ceasefire, to the 1980 election, his role in stopping the Entumbane fighting in 1981, the 1982 collapse of the coalition government and his arrest on treason charges. He also gives his views on the malign role of the British in first creating ZANU and then ensuring its victory in 1980 and discusses the “dissidents”, his imprisonment, the death of Lookout Masuku and the Unity Accord in 1987. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Edward Nare, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 18 January 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In his interview, Edward Nare describes his journey out of Rhodesia after recruitment, and then his stay at Nampundwe Camp and at JZ Moyo Camp. He gives information on the accommodation, food, daily activities, morale, bombing and administration. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Elingworth Poli, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 14 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Elingworth Poli discusses life at Victory Camp for refugee girls. She describes daily activities, food, accommodation, security arrangements, entertainment, production, misbehaviours and punishments. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Grace Noko, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 17 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Grace Noko gives a lengthy description of recruitment and journey to Botswana. She also discusses the training with men at Mwembeshi and then the transfer to Mgagao where she witnessed the attack on ZAPU by ZANU. She continues with training at Morogoro and becoming an instructor of women at Mwembeshi, and then she describes the formation of the Women’s Brigade and its role. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Jack Mpofu, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 20 April 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In his interview Jack Mpofu, a military instructor, describes early training, the FROLIZI split, reconnaissance and sabotage work. He also gives a detailed description of training procedures on various weapons and tactics including both guerrilla and conventional means. He further describes the attack in which Mangena died and he was injured. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Meeting Nkala, a teacher at Victory Camp, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 20 April 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Interview topics include the role of teachers at the refugee camps, the organisation and provision of lessons, syllabus, examinations, and attacks on the JZ Moyo Camp. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Moses Mzila-Ndlovu, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 16 October 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. A guerrilla fighter, Moses Mzila-Ndlovu talks about his early conscientisation, joining as a teacher and insisting on being trained to fight. He also describes his traveling to Angola and his training at Boma Camp by Cuban instructors, some activities in the front, the role of the Strela missiles in shifting the balance of power, the importance of the collective spirit and gives a positive assessment of ZPRA training. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Mtshana Ncube, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 23 November 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In this interview Mtshana Ncube focuses on the organisation of the administration, the role of the Revolutionary Council under JZ Moyo and under Nkomo, the leadership capabilities of both men, the reorganisation and expansion of administration from 1977, the Turning Point, and education in the camps. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Parks Ndlovu, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 12 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Parks Ndlovu gives a lengthy description of his recruitment from South Africa and the attempt by ZANU to divert him to ZANLA. He further discusses the Mgagao attacks, operations in Rhodesia, wounding and escape, and subsequent operations. He deals largely with the participation in 1980 election campaign and details experiences of the election and opinions about comparative strength and approach of ZANU and ZAPU and on the outcome of the election. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu, 2012 Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Precious Nleya, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 16 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Precious Nleya mentions the journey to Botswana, training as the last group of women trained with men at Mwembeshi Camp, and her deployment to Francistown as an intelligence officer to identify spies. She also describes life at Francistown transit camp, and the attack on ZAPU offices in Francistown. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Regina Ndlovu, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 5 June 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In her interview Regina Ndlovu discusses how Victory Camp was before the school was started. She then tells of the beginning of the school and some of its developments, and attacks near the school. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Richard Dube, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 29 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. As military commander of ZPRA operations, Richard Dube describes training in Tanzania and Soviet Union, and his role as instructor. He describes the death of Mangena and comments on his leadership. He also gives detailed descriptions of some operations and relations with villagers in the country, and provide explanations for the Turning Point strategy, reconnaissance in the country, and the beginning of implementation. He further refers to the Feira battle and gives his opinion on the significance of ZPRA’s role. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Sibongile Khumalo (pseudonym), conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 5 July 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Sibongile Khumalo gives a great deal of detail about the formation of the Women's Brigade and its activities, both at Victory camp and at Mkushi camp, as well as a graphic, emotional description of the attack on Mkushi camp. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with ZPRA military commander Thomas Ngwenya, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 19 January 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In this interview he gives a description of weapons smuggling in 1962 by one of the earliest participants, and follows with an interesting discussion of weapons used by the Rhodesians and how they were used, and how the ZPRA forces responded with their own weapons. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Zakhele Ndebele, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 1 March 2011 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. Disabled as a result of the attack on Freedom Camp, Longman Ndebele gives a lengthy and detailed interview about traveling to Botswana and time spent at Nampundwe, including a description of the attack on Freedom Camp in which he was injured and permanently disabled. He subsequently became a teacher of disabled cadres within Zimbabwe, and talks of his return to Zimbabwe in 1980 and attacks on the camp of ZPRA disabled persons by ZANLA in 1981. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This is a transcript of the interview with Zephaniah Nkomo, conducted by Mary Ndlovu on 29 November 2010 for the South African History Archive (SAHA) as part of the Zenzo Nkobi oral history project. In this interview, intelligence officer Zephaniah Nkomo describes the journey from Rhodesia to Botswana, military and intelligence training, deployment to guard leadership in Lusaka, role in intelligence surrounding the attack on Nkomo’s house. Main focus on his role receiving refugees returning home in Bulawayo 1980, how they were handled, including the disabled. The interview was transcribed by Mary Ndlovu. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

This publication is the report of an oral history and research project conducted by SAHA in 2010 and 2011 to identify individuals and explain the background to the events depicted in the Zenzo Nkobi Photographic collection (AL3265). The report was launched at Constitution Hill on 8 December 2012. Included in SAHA virtual exhibition - 'ZAPU through Zenzo Nkobi's lens', 2012

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