The liberation movements that led the armed struggle for Zimbabwean independence evolved from trade union and nationalist organisations which, in turn, developed into mass protests in the 1950s.
Southern Rhodesian African National Congress was banned.
The National Democratic Party, which succeeded the Southern Rhodesian African National Congress was banned, barely two years in existence.
During the year 1962, arms came in from Tanganyika through Northern Rhodesia to Bulawayo.
As early as the 1962, Zambians welcomed ZAPU exiles and continued to provide a base throughout the struggle until Zimbabwe gained independence.
ZAPU established an army, first known as the Special Affairs Department, then later in 1971, the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZPRA or ZIPRA).
Military training of army personnel took place and continued until 1979.
Jack Ngwenya was sent to establish an office in Lusaka, Zambia.
Edward Ndlovu represented ZAPU at the Tri-Continental Conference in Havana where Fidel Castro assumed the role of benefactor of third-world liberation.
Wankie and Sipolilo Campaigns took place in alliance with the ANC in South Africa.
Towards the end of the 1970s, ZAPU received tens of thousands of refugees. It accommodated them and those who were old enough received military training.
A large number of military recruits and refugees flooded Zambia.
By the mid-1970s, ZAPU structures were all well established in Botswana.
ZPRA or ZIPRA was formed.
Towards the end of 1974, Ian Smith released imprisoned and restricted leaders of ZAPU and ZANU.
Herbert Wiltshire Chitepo was assassinated.
Following the closure of the training camp in Morogoro, another base was established in Southern Zambia, known as Camp for Guerrilla Training. (CGT)
Geneva Conference took place.
Victory Camp became a staging place for all women and girls.
Between the the 1977 and during the 1980s, people joined the struggle in droves.
The Women's Brigade was formed.
Jason Ziyaphapha Moyo was assassinated. JZ Moyo Camp was named in his honour.
Towards the end of 1978, a new camp was opened at Mulungushi, North-East of Lusaka, Zambia. Nearly 10 000 men were trained there.
Commander Alfred Nikita Mangena when a landmine exploded under his vehicle. He was en-route to investigate an ambush that claimed about 30 soldiers. He had been warned by fellow soldiers not to drive there but he insisted.
Freedom Camp was attacked. Joshua Nkomo's house was also attacked, simultaneously via air strikes and ground forces.
Lancaster House Conference took place.
Ceasefire declared and the constitution for an independent Zimbabwe was signed. Elections were scheduled for March 1980.
The Zimbabwean government has, since 1980, been dominated by ZANU, a political party formed as a break-away from ZAPU IN 1963.
The first elections for an independent Zimbabwe took place.
Political tensions led to violent disturbances post elections.
Lookout Masuku died after being ill in prison and transferred to hospital.