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Everyone has the right to freedom of movement.

Everyone has the right to leave the Republic.

Every citizen has the right to enter, to remain in and to reside anywhere in, the Republic.

No citizen may be deprived of citizenship.

Every citizen has the right to a passport.


Some rights in the Bill of Rights, such as the right to trade and occupation, are reserved for South African citizens (this differential application common in normal legislation as well).

However, the Bill of Rights does not see non-South African citizens as lesser people - the fundamental human rights (such as dignity) still apply.

The case of Khosa v Minister of Social Development confirmed that, regardless of a person's citizenship, all people have a right to be treated equally.

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